"39 The character and collegial nature of the episcopal order are evidenced among other ways by the Church's ancient practice which calls for several bishops to participate in the consecration of a new bishop.40 In our day, the lawful ordination of a bishop requires a special intervention of the Bishop of Rome, because he is the supreme visible bond of the communion of the particular Churches in the one Church and the guarantor of their freedom. 874 ff. It is because the ministerial priesthood represents Christ that it can represent the Church. 290-293; 1336 § 1 3o, 5o, 1338 § 2; Council of Trent: DS 1774. Members of holy orders in the Catholic, Orthodox and Anglican churches are divided into three levels, the order of Bishop, the order of Priest and the order of Deacon. 1544 Everything that the priesthood of the Old Covenant prefigured finds its fulfillment in Christ Jesus, the "one mediator between God and men. LG 21; Eph 4:11. Quotes taken from Sacraments: How Catholics Pray, Thomas Richstatter, St. Anthony Messenger Press, 1995). Num 11:24-25. Other groups also receive this name of ordo: catechumens, virgins, spouses, widows,. 22 LG 10 § 2. "32 Catholic doctrine, expressed in the liturgy, the Magisterium, and the constant practice of the Church, recognizes that there are two degrees of ministerial participation in the priesthood of Christ: the episcopacy and the presbyterate . Confirmed Holy Orders as one of the seven sacraments. Thus in the Latin Rite the Church prays in the consecratory preface of the ordination of bishops: From the beginning, you chose the descendants of Abraham to be your holy nation. It depends entirely on Christ and on his unique priesthood; it has been instituted for the good of men and the communion of the Church. This is why the Catechism of the Catholic Church refers to the Sacrament of Holy Orders as "the sacrament of apostolic ministry.". The rite of conferring major orders is more solemn … Ordination is also called consecratio, for it is a setting apart and an investiture by Christ himself for his Church. He is] the defender of truth, who stands with angels, gives glory with archangels, causes sacrifices to rise to the altar on high, shares Christ's priesthood, refashions creation, restores it in God's image, recreates it for the world on high and, even greater, is divinized and divinizes. "Here I am, send me." And so the liturgy speaks of the ordo episcoporum, the ordo presbyterorum, the ordo diaconorum. of men. 5,15:PL 35,1422. (Is 6:8) Ordination to the priesthood is always a call and a gift from God. 17 Heb 7:26. In the Latin Church the priesthood, diaconate, and subdiaconate (q.v.) In the West, however, the office of deacon was for many centuries reserved to men who intended to be ordained to the priesthood. He stands in a direct, unbroken line from the Apostles, a condition known as "apostolic succession.". As successors of the apostles and members of the college, the bishops share in the apostolic responsibility and mission of the whole Church under the authority of the Pope, successor of St. Peter. 13; 16. Thus St. Gregory of Nazianzus, as a very young priest, exclaimed: 1590 St. Paul said to his disciple Timothy: "I remind you to rekindle the gift of God that is within you through the laying on of my hands" (2 Tim 1:6), and "If any one aspires to the office of bishop, he desires a noble task." For this reason the ordination of women is not possible.68. 1580 In the Eastern Churches a different discipline has been in force for many centuries: while bishops are chosen solely from among celibates, married men can be ordained as deacons and priests. The lowest in the hierarchy, bearing the mission of servant is the deacon. The laying on of hands by the bishop, with the consecratory prayer, constitutes the visible sign of this ordination. There is only one Sacrament of Holy Orders, but there are three levels to the sacrament. Defended the existence of priesthood with the power to consecrate the Body and Blood of Christ and forgive sins in Christ’s name. This practice has long been considered legitimate; these priests exercise a fruitful ministry within their communities.73 Moreover, priestly celibacy is held in great honor in the Eastern Churches and many priests have freely chosen it for the sake of the Kingdom of God. 37 LG 21. "66 The Lord Jesus chose men (viri) to form the college of the twelve apostles, and the apostles did the same when they chose collaborators to succeed them in their ministry.67 The college of bishops, with whom the priests are united in the priesthood, makes the college of the twelve an ever-present and ever-active reality until Christ's return. by the imposition of hands and through the words of the consecration, the grace of the Holy Spirit is given, and a sacred character is impressed in such wise that bishops, in an eminent and visible manner, take the place of Christ himself, teacher, shepherd, and priest, and act as his representative (in Eius persona agant). Order of the Most Holy Mary Theotokos - The Seven Sacraments in Pictures The Seven Catholic Sacraments The seven sacraments—Baptism, Confirmation, Holy Communion, Confession, Marriage, Holy Orders, and the Anointing of the Sick—are the life of the Catholic Church. Since the Second Vatican Council the Latin Church has restored the diaconate "as a proper and permanent rank of the hierarchy,". 5 Cf. St. Hippolytus, Trad. The third level of the Sacrament of Holy Orders is the diaconate. It is true that someone validly ordained can, for grave reasons, be discharged from the obligations and functions linked to ordination, or can be forbidden to exercise them; but he cannot become a layman again in the strict sense. During the rite, the bishop asks each candidate two questions about his resolve to complete preparations for the priesthood. The ministries conferred by ordination are irreplaceable for the organic structure of the Church: without the bishop, presbyters, and deacons, one cannot speak of the Church (cf. While this guarantee extends to the sacraments, so that even the minister's sin cannot impede the fruit of grace, in many other acts the minister leaves human traces that are not always signs of fidelity to the Gospel and consequently can harm the apostolic fruitfulness of the Church. The first is that which Christ Himself bestowed upon His Apostles: the episcopate. Hence the priesthood of priests, while presupposing the sacraments of initiation, is nevertheless conferred by its own particular sacrament. Heb 5:6; 7:11; Ps 110:4. 78 Cf. SC 41; LG 26. 1024. 66 CIC, can. Christ's gift is not thereby profaned: what flows through him keeps its purity, and what passes through him remains dear and reaches the fertile earth. This participation is called the "common priesthood of the faithful." which the Lord committed to the pastors of his people, is in the strict sense of the term a service. CIC, cann. 24 Pius XII, encyclical, Mediator Dei: AAS, 39 (1947) 548. Ordination as a bishop confers the grace to sanctify others, as well as the authority to teach the faithful and to bind their consciences. While the common priesthood of the faithful is exercised by the unfolding of baptismal grace --a life of faith, hope, and charity, a life according to the Spirit--, the ministerial priesthood is at the service of the common priesthood. Ex 29:1-30; Lev 8. John Paul II, MD 26-27; CDF, declaration, Inter insigniores: AAS 69 (1977) 98-116. The word ORDER in Roman antiquity designated an established civil body, especially a governing body. As the Catechism of the Catholic Church notes (para. The spiritual power of the sacrament is indeed comparable to light: those to be enlightened receive it in its purity, and if it should pass through defiled beings, it is not itself defiled. 60 Num 1:48-53; Josh 13:33. 1567 "The priests, prudent cooperators of the episcopal college and its support and instrument, called to the service of the People of God, constitute, together with their bishop, a unique sacerdotal college (presbyterium) dedicated, it is, true to a variety of distinct duties. 1597 The sacrament of Holy Orders is conferred by the laying on of hands followed by a solemn prayer of consecration asking God to grant the ordinand the graces of the Holy Spirit required for his ministry. . 1584 Since it is ultimately Christ who acts and effects salvation through the ordained minister, the unworthiness of the latter does not prevent Christ from acting.76 St. Augustine states this forcefully: 1585 The grace of the Holy Spirit proper to this sacrament is configuration to Christ as Priest, Teacher, and Pastor, of whom the ordained is made a minister. 46 LG 28 cf. No bishop can minister to all of the faithful in his diocese, so priests act, in the words of the Catechism of the Catholic Church, as "co-workers of the bishops." 18 Heb 10:14. 1573 The essential rite of the sacrament of Holy Orders for all three degrees consists in the bishop's imposition of hands on the head of the ordinand and in the bishop's specific consecratory prayer asking God for the outpouring of the Holy Spirit and his gifts proper to the ministry to which the candidate is being ordained.60. 744; 747. 11 Cf. . 1599 In the Latin Church the sacrament of Holy Orders for the presbyterate is normally conferred only on candidates who are ready to embrace celibacy freely and who publicly manifest their intention of staying celibate for the love of God's kingdom and the service
Today, the word “ordination” is reserved for the sacramental … Jn 21:15-17. ad Decentium:PL 20,554A; St. Gregory of Nazianzus, Oratio 2,22:PG 35,432B. By ordination one is enabled to act as a representative of Christ, Head of the Church, in his triple office of priest, prophet, and king. 20 Rev 1:6; cf. .12. LG 29; SC 35 § 4; AG 16. This is to remind us of the apostolic origins of the sacrament (see Catechism, No. This grace impels him to proclaim the Gospel to all, to be the model for his flock, to go before it on the way of sanctification by identifying himself in the Eucharist with Christ the priest and victim, not fearing to give his life for his sheep: 1587 The spiritual gift conferred by presbyteral ordination is expressed by this prayer of the Byzantine Rite. 77 St. Augustine, In Jo. ap. In the Rite of Admission to Candidacy for Holy Orders, each man who aspires to ordination publicly declares his will to offer himself to God and to the Church for sacred ministry. This is what the Church means by saying that the priest, by virtue of the sacrament of Holy Orders, acts in persona Christi Capitis:23, Christ is the source of all priesthood: the priest of the old law was a figure of Christ, and the priest of the new law acts in the person of Christ.25, 1549 Through the ordained ministry, especially that of bishops and priests, the presence of Christ as head of the Church is made visible in the midst of the community of believers.26 In the beautiful expression of St. Ignatius of Antioch, the bishop is typos tou Patros: he is like the living image of God the Father.27. Indeed it is appropriate and useful that men who carry out a truly diaconal ministry in the Church, whether in its liturgical and pastoral life or whether in its social and charitable works, should "be strengthened by the imposition of hands which has come down from the apostles. 3,1:SCh 10,96; cf. About this resource. It maintains the continuity of the apostles whereby each ordained person is ordained by a successor of an original apostle of Jesus Christ. 81 LG 29. . 1568 "All priests, who are constituted in the order of priesthood by the sacrament of Order, are bound together by an intimate sacramental brotherhood, but in a special way they form one priestly body in the diocese to which they are attached under their own bishop. Loading... Save for later. He can be dispensed of his obligations as a priest (or even forbidden to act as a priest), but he remains a priest forever. The meaning, therefore, of the Sacrament of Holy Orders, is the placing of a man into the order through which he receives the gift of the Holy Spirit, permitting him to exercise sacred power, which flows only from Christ through his Church. For this reason, too, the bishop is the ordinary minister of the Sacrament of Confirmation. Now the minister, by reason of the sacerdotal consecration which he has received, is truly made like to the high priest and possesses the authority to act in the power and place of the person of Christ himself. In the words of Thomas Aquinas, "Christ is the source of all priesthood: the priest of the old law was a prefiguration of Christ, and the priest of the new … 2.3 The degrees of the sacrament of Holy Orders The diaconate, the priesthood and the episcopate are intimately related as grades of the one sacrament of Holy Orders, received successively and inclusively. XXIII, can. Each level of ordination confers special graces, from the ability to preach, granted to deacons; to the ability to act in the person of Christ to offer the Mass, granted to priests; to a special grace of strength, granted to bishops, which allows him to teach and lead his flock, even to the point of dying as Christ did. 1538 Integration into one of these bodies in the Church was accomplished by a rite called ordinatio, a religious and liturgical act which was a consecration, a blessing or a sacrament. . LG 21. 23 Cf. "30, 1552 The ministerial priesthood has the task not only of representing Christ - Head of the Church - before the assembly of the faithful, but also of acting in the name of the whole Church when presenting to God the prayer of the Church, and above all when offering the Eucharistic sacrifice.31. Required celibacy. 1542 At the ordination of priests, the Church prays: you extended the spirit of Moses to seventy wise men. Based on this common priesthood and ordered to its service, there exists another participation in the mission of Christ: the ministry conferred by the sacrament of Holy Orders, where the task is to serve in the name and in the person of Christ the Head in the midst of the community. Introduction to the Catholic Religion: Beliefs, Practices and History, The Sacrament of Baptism in the Catholic Church. A baptized man must first be ordained a deacon before being ordained a priest and ordained a priest before being ordained a bishop. The Definition of the Sacrament of Holy Orders In the Sacrament of Holy Orders, or Ordination, the priest being ordained vows to lead other Catholics by bringing them the sacraments (especially the Eucharist), by proclaiming the Gospel, and by providing other means to … . At the same time they are distinguished according to the sacramental reality conferred and their corresponding functions in the Church. . Varying greatly among the different liturgical traditions, these rites have in common the expression of the multiple aspects of sacramental grace. 1536 Holy Orders is the sacrament through which the mission entrusted by Christ to his apostles continues to be exercised in the Church until the end of time: thus it is the sacrament of apostolic ministry. 34 LG 20. The whole Church, the Body of Christ, prays and offers herself "through him, with him, in him," in the unity of the Holy Spirit, to God the Father. . 3. Mk 10:45; Lk 22:27; St. Polycarp, Ad Phil. 1595 Priests are united with the bishops in sacerdotal dignity and at the same time depend on them in the exercise of their pastoral functions; they are called to be the bishops' prudent co-workers. Created: May 13, 2008. 40 Cf. Join Fr. 50 Cf. As in all the sacraments additional rites surround the celebration. . III. "46, 1565 Through the sacrament of Holy Orders priests share in the universal dimensions of the mission that Christ entrusted to the apostles. 38 CD 2 § 2. Ordination imprints an indelible sacramental character. 42,4; 44,3:PG 1,292-293; 300. It is the same priest, Christ Jesus, whose sacred person his minister truly represents. These men (who are ordained by a bishop by means of that sacrament) serve the spiritual needs of others in the Catholic Church. They exercise their powers lawfully only in communion with their bishop, and so they promise obedience to their bishop at the time of their ordination. 52 PO 8. PO 2. The Office of Bishop in the Catholic Church, The Major Differences Between Anglicanism and Catholicism. "15 The Christian tradition considers Melchizedek, "priest of God Most High," as a prefiguration of the priesthood of Christ, the unique "high priest after the order of Melchizedek";16 "holy, blameless, unstained,"17 "by a single offering he has perfected for all time those who are sanctified,"18 that is, by the unique sacrifice of the cross. LG 10; 28; SC 33; CD 11; PO 2; 6. "51 priests can exercise their ministry only in dependence on the bishop and in communion with him. 1594 The bishop receives the fullness of the sacrament of Holy Orders, which integrates him into the episcopal college and makes him the visible head of the particular Church entrusted to him. . "20 The whole community of believers is, as such, priestly. Ordination is the rite at which the Sacrament of Holy Orders is bestowed. 1574 As in all the sacraments additional rites surround the celebration. In one part of the rite, the candidate lies in front of the altar while the Litany of the Saints is sung or recited. He has written about Catholicism for outlets including Humanitas and Catholic Answers Magazine. The Orthodox Ch… Pius XII, apostolic constitution, Sacramentum Ordinis: DS 3858. . 1593 Since the beginning, the ordained ministry has been conferred and exercised in three degrees: that of bishops, that of presbyters, and that of deacons. The essential rite of the sacrament of Holy Orders for all three degrees consists in the bishop's imposition of hands on the head of the ordinand and in the bishop's specific consecratory prayer asking God for the outpouring of the Holy Spirit and his gifts proper to the ministry to which the candidate is being ordained. 1537 The word order in Roman antiquity designated an established civil body, especially a governing body. Preview and details Files included (1) ppt, 93 KB. The promise of obedience they make to the bishop at the moment of ordination and the kiss of peace from him at the end of the ordination liturgy mean that the bishop considers them his co-workers, his sons, his brothers and his friends, and that they in return owe him love and obedience. The hierarchical orders strictly so-called are of divine origin (Conc. They receive from the bishop the charge of a parish community or a determinate ecclesial office. The point here is to connect the Sacrament of Holy Orders with Jesus, the High Priest. 12 Roman Pontifical, Ordination of Bishops 26, Prayer of Consecration. Because of his role as a successor to the Apostles, who were themselves successors to Christ, the bishop is the proper minister of the Sacrament of Holy Orders. The priesthood was established by God among the Israelites during their exodus from Egypt. The Church recognizes herself to be bound by this choice made by the Lord himself. Priests receive the Sacrament of Holy Orders in the Rite of Ordination. The exercise of this authority must therefore be measured against the model of Christ, who by love made himself the least and the servant of all.29 "The Lord said clearly that concern for his flock was proof of love for him. 31 Cf. Thom., “Suppl.”, Q. xxxvii, a. DS 802; CIC, can. "54, 1570 Deacons share in Christ's mission and grace in a special way.55 The sacrament of Holy Orders marks them with an imprint ("character") which cannot be removed and which configures them to Christ, who made himself the "deacon" or servant of all.56 Among other tasks, it is the task of deacons to assist the bishop and priests in the celebration of the divine mysteries, above all the Eucharist, in the distribution of Holy Communion, in assisting at and blessing marriages, in the proclamation of the Gospel and preaching, in presiding over funerals, and in dedicating themselves to the various ministries of charity.57, 1571 Since the Second Vatican Council the Latin Church has restored the diaconate "as a proper and permanent rank of the hierarchy,"58 while the Churches of the East had always maintained it. The oil signifies that the one anointed has been called by God to a special service. WHY IS THIS SACRAMENT CALLED "ORDERS"? 47 PO 10; OT 20; cf. "19, Two participations in the one priesthood of Christ, 1546 Christ, high priest and unique mediator, has made of the Church "a kingdom, priests for his God and Father. 1554 "The divinely instituted ecclesiastical ministry is exercised in different degrees by those who even from ancient times have been called bishops, priests, and deacons. Because of the grave nature of this responsibility, all episcopal ordinations must be approved by the Pope. Thus in the Latin Church, the initial rites - presentation and election of the ordinand, instruction by the bishop, examination of the candidate, litany of the saints - attest that the choice of the candidate is made in keeping with the practice of the Church and prepare for the solemn act of consecration, after which several rites symbolically express and complete the mystery accomplished: for bishop and priest, an anointing with holy chrism, a sign of the special anointing of the Holy Spirit who makes their ministry fruitful; giving the book of the Gospels, the ring, the miter, and the crosier to the bishop as the sign of his apostolic mission to proclaim the Word of God, of his fidelity to the Church, the bride of Christ, and his office as shepherd of the Lord's flock; presentation to the priest of the paten and chalice, "the offering of the holy people" which he is called to present to God; giving the book of the Gospels to the deacon who has just received the mission to proclaim the Gospel of Christ. Except for Lutherans and some Anglicans, these churches regard ordinati… 28 LG 24. The spiritual gift they have received in ordination prepares them, not for a limited and restricted mission, "but for the fullest, in fact the universal mission of salvation 'to the end of the earth,"'47 "prepared in spirit to preach the Gospel everywhere. "28 It is entirely related to Christ and to men. CD 15. Here only the sacramental means by which this ministry is handed on will be treated.). 82 St. Gregory of Nazianzus, Oratio 2,71,74,73:PG 35,480-481. 64 LG 20. 57 Cf. 51 LG 28 § 2. 25 St. Thomas Aquinas, STh III,22,4c. . Through Baptism all the faithful share in the priesthood of Christ. "6 But within the people of Israel, God chose one of the twelve tribes, that of Levi, and set it apart for liturgical service; God himself is its inheritance.7 A special rite consecrated the beginnings of the priesthood of the Old Covenant. 1560 As Christ's vicar, each bishop has the pastoral care of the particular Church entrusted to him, but at the same time he bears collegially with all his brothers in the episcopacy the solicitude for all the Churches: "Though each bishop is the lawful pastor only of the portion of the flock entrusted to his care, as a legitimate successor of the apostles he is, by divine institution and precept, responsible with the other bishops for the apostolic mission of the Church. The word either derives ultimately from the Greek πρεσβύτερος/presbuteros meaning "elder" or the Latin praepositus meaning "superintendent." As ministers of your tabernacle you chose the sons of Levi and gave them your blessing as their everlasting inheritance.14. 1313) Post Views: 2,784. Holy Orders "Holy Orders is the sacrament through which the mission entrusted by Christ to his apostles continues to be exercised in the Church until the end of time…It includes three degrees of order: episcopate, presbyterate, and diaconate" (CCC 1536).Deacons, priest and bishops are essential to the Catholic Church because we believe that they continue the work begun by the apostles. The permanent diaconate was restored in the West by the Second Vatican Council. "36, 1558 "Episcopal consecration confers, together with the office of sanctifying, also the offices of teaching and ruling. . 72 Cf. "That office . 74 Cf. M.A., Political Theory, Catholic University of America, B.A., Political Theory, Michigan State University. 13 Roman Pontifical, Ordination of Priests 22, Prayer of Consecration. 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