Many insects feed on the leaves, stems, flowers and seeds, while some songbirds also feed on thistle seeds. When you collect oil from the seed, do you need to remove the pappus or can you leave it on for expelling? What a wonderful heritage and memory. Canada thistle has small seeds with feathery, white tufts to help with wind dispersal, although research has found that most seeds land near the parent plant. The plant is beneficial for pollinators that rely on nectar. Stems are branched, often slightly hairy, and ridged. You can dab baking soda paste on it to draw it out of your skin. Thanks for the info about eating thistle. Most are spindle-shaped and may be swollen or filled with fibers. I encounter it frequently here in Northern California and would love to hear your thoughts and recipes. I think it is easier to cut off the leaves with a machete before cutting down the stalk. I have got a thistle thorn stuck in my foot while walking in flip-flops before. Yeah, they can stick you and break off and cause a problem. Nutritious but rather bland, they are best used in a mixture with other vegetables. At the very least, this means no thistle is poisonous. It was introduced to North America in the 1600s, probably in agricultural seed shipments and is now widespread throughout the United States and Canada. I think the stalk boiled a few minutes and then served with butter, salt and pepper is absolutely delicious, for a green. A bit of research reveals that every part of thistle is edible so long as you can get past the thorns. The stems are the most prized part, though their bristled outsides must be peeled first. Dinner here I come! Thank you everyone! Make sure to pick the young and tender portions of course. It’s time to put that theory to the test and see how thistle tastes. Legal status: Canada thistle is considered a noxious weed in 46 states including Indiana. When you say you use the entire rosette is that just the greens or is it the flower also. Spines on leaves were too sharp to hold. 2. It is also commonly known as Canada thistle and field thistle. If you end up reading this and want me to send you a picture of the thistles here or with the Blue Orchard Mason Bee on it then just tell me in an email and next time I get the chance Ill send you the picture if you asked for one. As mentioned earlier, they thrive in disturbed soils.) Thistles, in this case Cirsium horridulum (SIR-see-um hor-id-YOO-lum) are among the hardest to gather of wild foods, Black Walnuts probably being the worst. Juice it. At the very least, this means no thistle is poisonous. Does anyone know where I can get some? Also do any of the other thistles have this same benefit? I have done this with wood splinters and I am guessing it also works with thorns. I have star thistle is the flower edible and all the leaves and roots…I’m like don’t know what to do..please help! (When we first moved here, the place was overrun with thistles. Like many tasty wild plants, the thistle did not make its way into main stream food channel because of the spines and its two-year growth habit. Bull thistle root can be eaten and is best used when mixed with other vegetables. My husband has just been diagnosed with ms at the age of 64. So far I’m really enjoying your site. Keep up the work on webpages like this! Thistle is a good survival food but the leaves are hard to harvest due to their many spines. I used to take a company jet from Orlando to Dallas and often marvels at how members of the same genus could change so much in that distance. Comments or questions about this site, or for permission to use photos and information. Canada thistle leaf morphology (texture, hairiness, lobing and spininess) can vary considerably, even within a geographical region [84,150]. If by chance you have misidentified it with a spiny poppy the poppy has flowers with large petals. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. So much good information!! Your efforts are appreciated tremendously. I did not get all of it out and my foot around the thorn festered and eventually popped the rest of the Thorne out. If not I’m sure I could print out what’s on your site. Diego Footer on Permaculture Based Homesteads - from the Eat Your Dirt Summit, current server time (not your local time) is, http://crunchymamasurbanhomestead.wordpress.com/, What kind of flower is this ? For that reason, they breed late in the summer, waiting for the fluff. But I rarely see any purplish ones, I always see the yellow ones and they get boring in color after awhile. Thank you. The down was used as guide feathers for arrows. The first year the plant is just a roo… In our county, musk thistle (Carduus nutans) is considered a noxious weed and and much effort is devoted to eradicating it, usually with chemical herbicides. Depending where you live they might get too old by Easter to eat after that. And it's a great friend, edible from the top of its bright flowers to the bottom of its beneficial taproots. Seeds remain viable in the soil for over 20 years. Unopened Thistle Bud, photo by Green Deane. Loading... Unsubscribe from Barry Bertin? Your page was really interesting and kept me from playing games while I read it. Is Canada Thistle Edible? However, seeds have been found to germinate from 3-inch soil depths. Growth habit: Deep-rooted and colony-forming perennial. Bull Thistle in Blossom. One of the great things about thistles is that every single species is edible, so this is great news for foraging beginners! And guess what? Today, after I feed my animals I went around the property to see where they grew the most. Not really because the spines do not break down. ... Understanding Canada Thistle | Dow AgroSciences Canada - Duration: 2:53. You might want to visit Foraging Texas to get the exact name of the species. Tradition has it that we can only eat them until Easter Sunday, for after that the stems turn to wood, and they do. Plants die after the first killing frost. I love your web site! I too am originally from Maine and live north of Tampa in Florida. Thankfully after about four days my swollen hand and forearm returned to normal. Tossed away seeds and tossed away wishes finally sprouted with pink purple blossoms.YAHOO – THISTLES EXIST AND THRIVE. I have enjoyed eating thistle blossoms for years, but until yesterday I had never eaten the stalks. I guess the spines all came off their leaves so had no base for attack. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. A bit more reading has shown me C. lanatus is not actually in my area, so I should be able to pick and eat all thistles in my area without much discretion. 🙂. Looks like it is Bull Thistle. I had always meant to get on Google and see what they were but I kept forgetting to do it. The leaves are still edible if you strip them of spines as are the bottom of the flower buds, though the bud bottoms aren’t much more than a nibble.  All can be eaten raw, steamed or boiled.  (Or roast whole by a fire and squeeze the cooked core out.). Goldfinches like the seeds, too. ENVIRONMENT: Sandy open areas, moist or dry, old fields, roadsides, often the only plant still untouched in closely cropped pastures. What could happen? Edible is another matter of. Golfinches must have thistle-down with which to line their nests; without thistle-down, they will have a hard time nesting, and will need instead to gather spider-webbing or other soft material. And the spiny flowerheads have an edible heart if you have the patience to peel their spiky armor away. What is native? A good thorn in my saddle! Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) is most often compared to alfalfa for its nutritional quality. Canada thistle has numerous aboveground branches that bear several, small flowerheads (0.4 to 0.75 inch (1-2 cm) in diameter) in clusters [49,81,121,126,176,240]. However, all members of the sunflower family are NOT edible, including the toxic Senecio glabellus. What sets them apart, aside from the stiffness of their spines? Believe it or not, Canada thistle is in fact edible—with some preparation required, of course. I can’t find a source any where. I’ve read thru your site on thistles (love it, and will eat these weeds — next year), natural rennet for making cheese can be made of the dried thistle blossom I’ve heard. I had read that thistles were edible but nothing like the range and variety of possibilities. Learn how your comment data is processed. this forum made possible by our volunteer staff, including ... Are all thistles edible? Cheers! Sow these, and their produce will be 13,824,000,000,000, or thirteen billions, eight hundred and twenty-four thousand millions; and a single crop from these, which is only the third year’s growth, would amount to 331,776,000,000,000,000, or three hundred and thirty-one thousand seven hundred and seventy-six billions; and the fourth year’s growth will amount to 7,962,624,000,000,000,000,000, or seven thousand nine hundred and sixty-two trillions, six hundred and twenty-four thousand billions. Edibility: Young Canada thistle leaves are edible and remarkably tasty. Anyone ever eaten the leaves cooked like greens? If you are in Florida and on the west coast you might see Cirsium nuttallii, which is tall and skinny with many branches. That might require a remaking of the common phrase: I’ve got a thistle stuck in the thick of my tongue. Fair warning that most thistles have a slightly bitter or sour flavor to them, though it isn't too strong for most people to enjoy as far as I know. It’s more healthy that way. But my favorite part of the thistle to eat is the long stem. Ants leave it alone. I am only 15 but when we moved to another part of Magnolia Texas three years ago I started seeing these weird but cool plants. And can this be done with basic tools like pot and pan or do you need special equipment to go from seed to oil. Life Cycle: Perennial. Horridulum means a little spiny, clearly a joke by Andre Michaeux the botanist who named it. Foraging should never begin without the guidance and approval of a local plant specialist. It is very common and very good! Hen and Chicks. The flower is thorny around it and I’m really looking for edible thistle flower to eat and make some tea…sigh! Dr Oz recommends them for liver detoxification. I discovered it was thistle when I watched a youtube video. The worst thing that happens is that it gets very very painful before the rest of the Thorne comes out. At the very least, this means no thistle is poisonous. Is anyone interested in being paid for wild collection? Canada thistle grows on every continent with the exception of Antarctica. I love your website, articles and videos. As far as I know, all thistles are edible, so long as they are a true thistle (not just something with thistle in the common name.) Bull thistles (Cirsium vulgare) are exactly that – bullish. Very spiny, one tough plant. They can recommend books. — progeny from coast to coast. Just strip the green off the leaf leaving the very edible midrib.  Rub the “wool” off and enjoy, raw or cooked.  All thistles in the genus Cirsium, and the genus Carduus,  are edible. Edible Parts Although leaves, stems and flowers are edible needless to say you must wear protective gloves and … Could being stuck by a thistle cause swelling? Buttered thistle stalks or the addition of thistle to a green smoothie are good options. Grass sods are less competitive with Canada thistle … As for the yellow star thistle …Centaurea… some are edible and some are not. Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.) Emerges in spring and flowers when days are the longest. But, the reward is edible stalks, edible leaves trimmed of spines roots and unopened flower bud bottoms. I now have them growing in my lawn. The flowers are favorites of Tiger Swallowtails, an occasional Silver Spangled Fritillary, and of course our humming bird love them. http://crunchymamasurbanhomestead.wordpress.com/, Outdoor and Ecological articles (sporadic Mondays) at http://blog.dxlogan.com/ and my main site is found at http://www.dxlogan.com/. A tea can also be made from the leaves and the plant was used in ancient times to treat varicose veins, which in Greek is kirsos. Here in Palestine we chew the dry seeds in late summer; said to be very healthy. The thistle, which is in the sunflower family, is often called an invasive weed even where it is native. Hi I am looking for Cirsium edule seeds, which is NOT a noxious weed in King county (Seattle) where I live. And about Carthamus sp. It’s thorns is killing me and I’m really looking for edible thistle flower to eat..sigh! Thanks! Hi I am new to this discussion, I live in Spain would like to learn more about the properties regarding Thistles. Cirsium edule is a PERENNIAL growing to 2 m (6ft 7in). Thanks for sharing what you have learned along the way. History American Indians used a tea made from the roots of Canada thistle as a tonic for the intestines and as a treatment for worms (Foster & … A progeny more than sufficient to stock not only the surface of the whole world, but of all the planets of the solar system, so that no other plant or vegetable could possibly grow, allowing but the space of one square foot for each plant. Have tried for 3 years to grow one, finally, and it is thriving. I once joked with my husband that the best thing about our Canada thistles is that they weren’t bull thistles. and other butterflies. Since I was a small child, my grandmother and mom and I would go each year in the 40 days of Lent to pick these. Young flower stems can be cooked and young leaves can be eaten in a salad or tossed into a sauté. It typically grows up to at least 3 feet tall. Compositae. I can’t find any good identification guides for this genus even online, so I should ask you. I am of Acadian descent and heritage. Thanks for reading my long story lol. Its leaves are a lot broader and spines less menacing than the bull thistle pictured, so trimming the spines seems like a more reasonable endeavor (I’ve never actually tried with bull thistle). You could even provide some identification guide for plants in spring and flowers when days the. 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Which has no poisonous plants on thistle seeds seen a yellow one mixed other!, starting in February in Florida, later in northern California and would love hear.