—. Borza, Eugene N. Makedonika, Essays by Eugene N. Borza. Art in the Hellenistic Age. Commonwealth Club of San Francisco Greek (Hellenic), Egyptian, Persian, Indian. —. The American Research Center in Egypt ARCE) Northern California Chapter has a page with summaries of lectures delivered at its membership meetings, as well as links to selected Egypt websites. —. Hellenistic Culture in Alexandria As a result of Alexander’s policies, a vibrant new culture emerged. His awards include UC Berkeley’s Distinguished Teaching Award; Guggenheim, Getty, and American Council of Learned Societies Fellowships; and the Wittenborn and Association of American Publishers awards for hisGreek Sculpture: An Exploration (1990). Romm, James (ed.). The Muslims? Its collections embodied the genius of classical Greece, and its loss is the greatest disaster in the history of learning. Their knowledge was achieved by the dissection of living people, mostly prisoners. Alexander: The Conqueror. This lecture examines its threefold image of the country: the Hellenized Delta; the Egyptian chora; and the wilds of Nubia. The huge and spectacular Nile Mosaic from Praeneste (ancient Palestrina) in Italy, discovered in 1600, transferred to Rome in 1626, returned in 1640, and now heavily restored, remains our best guide not to Ptolemaic Egypt as such, but to Ptolemaic attitudes to Egypt. Commonwealth Club of San Francisco Next we look at four factors that combined to make Alexandria the heart of Hellenistic scholarship: common language, a convenient alphabet, papyrus and climate. He is currently historian of the Bohemian Club of San Francisco and was recently elected to the Explorers Club of New York for his dissemination of geographical knowledge and for having climbed Mounts Kilimanjaro and Cameroon and trekked across the Sahara with the Tuareg. They were able to receive both passenger and commercial ships, and played a central role in the exporting of valuable goods, such as grain and papyrus. (23) Alexandria was a melting pot of people from all over the ancient world. As Michael Grant said, "Alexandria made one set of fortunes by exporting ... and another by its maritime trading all over the near and Middle East." —. Its collections embodied the genius of classical Greece, and its loss is the greatest disaster in the history of learning. 5:30 pm Reception, 6:00 pm lecture by Daniel Mendelsohn. by Frances Liardet, 1989. Cohen, Ada. Oxford U. Learn chapter 5 hellenistic culture with free interactive flashcards. Post-Program Salon Forster, E. M. Alexandria, A History and A Guide. (37) Fifteen talents was nothing to such a wealthy man; Ptolemy and his descendants were to spend much more attracting and keeping the scholars who graced the halls of their cultural establishments. The Museum had a priest in charge of it and enjoyed financial freedom. —. — and Laura Foreman. His publications have focused on the early development of ancient Macedonia, in which area he continues to be active. K12IMC : Instructional Media Center:, a Virtual Library for K12. The other Hellenistic states -Macedonia, Pergamon and Syria in Greece and Asia Minor and Syria-Mesopotamia progressively came under control of Rome and … Corpus Scriptorum Latinorum, a digital library of Latin literature. Alexander wanted to create a city that was a … This list is for those who would like to do a little background research for the upcoming program about Alexander and Alexandria, but don’t have much time. Alexander the Great: Agent for Change? (2005). Thursday, February 4, 2010 Alexander the Great. Mahfouz, Naguib. Hellenistic kings became prominent patrons of the arts, commissioning public works of architecture and sculpture, as well as private luxury items that demonstrated their wealth and taste. Green, Peter. University of California Press,1990. Timon wrote in his Satirical Poems that "in this populous Egypt of ours, there is a kind of bird-cage called the Museum where they fatten up any amount of pen-pushers and readers of musty tomes who are never tired of squabbling with each other." Heritage and Hellenism: The Reinvention of Jewish Tradition. Even though historians have largely neglected that era (a period longer than the existence of the United States of America), Alexandria in that time became the capital of Egypt, its major port, and then the major center of the widespread Hellenistic civilization lasting for one thousand years, until the Muslim conquest of Egypt in AD 641. Berkeley, Los Angeles: U. of California Press, 2003. She received her PhD from The Ohio State University. Egypt was invaded by the Arabs in 642 AD and became part of an expanding Islamic Empire. (8) The polis "was [now] simply a hometown, it was no longer the supreme norm of thought and culture. During its three earliest centuries, it was perhaps the leading cultural center of the world, home to people of diff… Berkeley, Los Angeles: U. of California Press, 1993. Mention should also be made of Apollonius of Perga (a city in modern-day southern Turkey) whose late 3rd Century BCE work on geometry (and, in particular, on conics and conic sections) was very influential on later European mathematicians. Press, (forthcoming). The city's two principal streets may have intersected at the Sema and were said to be over one hundred feet wide,(11) and "paved with gold. The Great Altar built in the 2nd century BC., as part of the royal residence. The library had a mission to collect a copy of every single book ever written. Destinations: The Greek-speaking Jews of Alexandria were familiar with the works of the ancient Greek poets and philosophers and acknowledged their universal appeal. by Daniel Mendelsohn. Reading the Pharmaceutria, an idyll by Theocritus, a belief in magical spells is easily seen: The Greeks who went to Alexandria were also very open-minded about the local gods, and a strange synthesis emerged in Greek Egypt. Cohen, Ada. Alexandria was an entity onto itself, an intellectual powerhouse, which was quite different from any other city of its time. Charbonneaux, Jean, Jean Martin and Roland Villard. Stephens’ current research is on the political and social dimensions of Hellenistic literature. His name was Lycophron. Alexander of Macedon, 356-323 BC: A Historical Biography. Pharos and Pharillon, An Evocation of Alexandria. The library of Aristotle actually provided the model for the Library of Alexandria. Art in the Hellenistic Age. The Glory of Alexandria, Egypt from Alexander to Cleopatra, 1999. Our topic this time is Alexandria, Egypt. Ancient Greek Novels: The Fragments (with Jack Winkler, 1995); Seeing Double: Intercultural Poetics in Ptolemaic Alexandria(2003); Classics and National Cultures (With Phiroze Vasunia) will appear this year. Erich Gruen (History, UC Berkeley). As Alexander’s Empire dissolved and the Ptolemies established their control over Egypt and a few outlying areas, they were faced with many daunting challenges. The scholars performed that task with precision, earning the gratitude of the Greek-speaking Jewish community, and Ptolemy added the sacred translation to the shelves of his magnificent library in Alexandria. The Alexandrian Scholars were the first to divide Homer's works into twenty-four books. Penguin Classics, 1987. During its three earliest centuries, it was perhaps the leading cultural center of the world, home to people of different religions and different philosophies. Who were these special, gifted men, lucky enough to take part in this spiritual and scholarly fraternity? The Alexandria Center for the Hellenistic Studies Since its founding by Alexander the Great in 331 BCE, and for a period of over 600 years, Alexandria was the cultural capital of the world, especially during the Ptolemaic period. Transl. Did they count the twenty-four books of the Odyssey as one book or twenty-four? Seeing Double: Intercultural Poetics in Ptolemaic Alexandria. Ada Cohen (Art History, Dartmouth College). Gold mines were sprinkled between the Nile and the Red Sea coast, yielding large quantities of the precious metal. Art in the Era of Alexander the Great: Paradigms of Manhood and Their Cultural Traditions. Press, 1989. Levine, Lee. The Christians? There has been a large community of Greeks in Egypt, also known as Egyptiotes (Greek: Αιγυπτιώτες), from the Hellenistic period until the aftermath of the Egyptian revolution of 1952, when most were forced to leave. Choose from 500 different sets of chapter 5 hellenistic culture history flashcards on Quizlet. Cambridge: Harvard, 2004. Dr. Janet Johnson (Oriental Institute, University of Chicago) Press, 1995. Pollard, Justin and Howard Reid. (10) In the Hellenistic age, we get a sense of universalism in politics and a corresponding sense of individualism as the world expanded, and was linked by a common language (Greek koine). Berkeley, Los Angeles: U. of California Press, 1993. A Look at Aristotle's Physics II. (1997); Heritage and Hellenism: The Reinvention of Jewish Tradition (1998); Diaspora: Jews amidst Greeks and Romans (2002); Cultural Borrowings and Ethnic Appropriations in Antiquity (ed.) It blended Greek with Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influences. Alexander the Great. She is working on a book-length study on memory and historicism in the work of George Seferis and his generation of writers. Pollitt, Jerome J. Hellenistic Culture The influence of Greek language, philosophy and culture on Jews and early Christians. Thus they came to create their own version of Hellenistic culture. 2:00 pm: The New Library of Alexandria: A Beacon of Knowledge Diaspora: Jews Among Greeks and Romans. What was an advantage of its usage? Ancient Greek Novels: The Fragments (with Jack Winkler, 1995); Seeing Double: Intercultural Poetics in Ptolemaic Alexandria(2003); Classics and National Cultures (With Phiroze Vasunia) will appear this year. It was created during an age characterized by a strong sense of history. The Library of Alexandria was constructed at the city of Alexandria in Egypt, a planned city on the banks of the Mediterranean Sea in the satrapy of Egypt by Alexander III the Great that was to be the capital of his new Hellenistic Empire. The Hellenistic period refers to the time from the death of Alexander the Great or the end of the Greek Classical Era in 323 B.C. Greek (also known as Hellenic) culture blended with Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influ- ences. McKenzie, Judith. Ptolemy I was an intelligent man with good administrative skills. —. Hellenistic Alexandria: Celebrating 24 Centuries The Hellenistic periodwitnessed many achievements and contributions in all fields of knowledge that have greatly added to human thought and to the culmination of modern science, culture and civilization in general. Alexandria was the first great city of its time and people from everywhere went there for their own personal reasons. (49) Aristarchus virtually invented modern astronomy while living in the city. Euclid wrote a thirteen book mathematical textbook called The Elements and developed geometry into a science. (17) Ptolemy was also a very experienced general. London: Henry G. Bohn, 1853. Ada Cohen is an Associate Professor of Art History at Dartmouth College, where she teaches courses primarily on ancient Greek, Egyptian, and Near Eastern Art, as well as theory and method. Cambridge: Cambridge U. in his 33rd year, in 323 BCE. There were two institutions in Alexandria devoted to the preservation and study of Greek culture, which helped to exclude non-Greeks. Some Macedonians - surely the royal family - felt they were Greek and just as advanced. Did they count the fifteen books as one book or fifteen? (39) Their job was to collect books and copy them, to criticize and comment on the books, to punctuate, and to preserve them. —. Director of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina Nowhere did The Epic Story of the Young Warrior King. Alexander the Great: Selections from Arrian, Diodorus, Plutarch, and Quintus Curtius. Alexandria has been one of the most important cities throughout history. A Short History. Portsmouth, NH: Back Channel Press, 2009. Romm, James (ed.). Hammond, N. G. L. The Macedonian State: Origins, Institutions, and History. William S. Greenwalt received his BA, MA and PhD from the University of Virginia. Alexander: The Conqueror. They, like the librarians, might be expected to teach the occasional member of the royal family, but basically it was a research position. Thursday, February 11, 2010 Eugene N. Borza is Professor Emeritus of Ancient History at The Pennsylvania State University, where he served on the faculty from 1964 until his retirement in 1995. K12IMC : Instructional Media Center:, a Virtual Library for K12. Alexandria would remain one of the leading cities of the Mediterranean well into … Room 20, Barrows Hall, University of California Berkeley, Sponsored by Humanities West Partner, American Research Center in Egypt, Northern California Chapter, Fireside Chat with George Hammond He has lectured widely on the history and archaeology of ancient Macedonia, and has chaired the Lecture Program Committee of the Archaeological Institute of America, for which he has been an annual lecturer since 1975. What was Hellenistic culture a blending of? Wednesday January 13, 2010 As Alexander’s Empire dissolved and the Ptolemies established their control over Egypt and a few outlying areas, they were faced with many daunting challenges. Publications of the Association of Ancient Historians, No. Press, 2008. They considered themselves great kings, even gods. This version is known as the Septuagint and was very important because it made the religion more accessible to many Jews who found reading the original difficult. Berkeley, Los Angeles: U. of California Press, 1992. The Alexandria that has been uncovered as a result is the one I've already described. Plutarch tells us that Alexander went to Egypt and liberated the Egyptians from Persian rule, which they had suffered under since the 6th century BC occupation. Hellenistic Culture in Alexandria. NY: Penguin Group, 2006. NY: Henry N. Abrams, 2002. “Alexander hoped the genius of Hellenism would be perpetuated here, a metropolis of culture to benefit the entire world.”2 After the death of Alexander, his “Hellenistic empire” was fought over by his generals because Alexander left no obvious heir to his empire. Christiane Sourvinou-Inwood's Reading of Sophocles' Antigone. The Hellenistic Age. NY: Pantheon, 1975, 2001. PLAY. Andrew Stewart, Nicholas C. Petris Professor of Greek Studies and Professor of Ancient Mediterranean Art and Archaeology at UC Berkeley, directed the UC Berkeley excavation team at Tel Dor, Israel, from 1986 through 2006, and currently chairs UC Berkeley’s Graduate Group in Ancient History and Mediterranean Archaeology. His other publications includeSkopas of Paros (1977); Attika: Studies in Athenian Sculpture of the Hellenistic Age (1979); Faces of Power: Alexander’s Image and Hellenistic Politics (1993); Art, Desire, and the Body in Ancient Greece (1997); Attalos, Athens, and the Akropolis: The Pergamene “Little Barbarians” and their Roman and Renaissance Legacy (2004); and Classical Greece and the Birth of Western Art (2008). Cambridge: Cambridge U. Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Trust Publications, 2005. One poet writes of two women discussing why one of their husbands has vanished. Wednesday, December 2, 2009 He is the author of historical works on libraries and the Orthodox Church and monasteries and is researching a book on the history of the Nicene Creed and on the history and lore of the camel. Musee du Petit Palais. Currently, she is the Associate Editor of the Arts and Humanities of theJournal of Modern Greek Studies, a refereed interdisciplinary journal published by Johns Hopkins Press. Discovering Ancient Egypt. Alexandria was an important city of the ancient world. Seattle: U. of Washington Press, 1998. Andrew Stewart, Nicholas C. Petris Professor of Greek Studies and Professor of Ancient Mediterranean Art and Archaeology at UC Berkeley, directed the UC Berkeley excavation team at Tel Dor, Israel, from 1986 through 2006, and currently chairs UC Berkeley’s Graduate Group in Ancient History and Mediterranean Archaeology. For more information: commonwealthclub.org in order to facilitate naval trade and communication with Greece. Cartledge, Paul. The Cultural Policies of the early Ptolemies: Alexandria and Beyond I have two exhibits which I want to draw to your attention - one from the East Coast He received the Santa Clara Summer School Excellence in Teaching Award, the Santa Clara University Brutocao Award for Teaching Excellence, the Logothetti Teaching Award for Teaching Excellence in the College of Arts and Sciences, the Santa Clara University Brutocao Award for Curricular Innovation, and the Arnold L. & Lois Graves Award for Excellence in Teaching in 2005, 2001, 1999, 1995 and 1991 respectively. 2, 1989. The impression that he also aspired to the life of the mind contributes to his fame. (35) In the third book of Galen's Epidemics, he says that Ptolemy became so obsessed with the collection of books that he ordered any books found on ships docking in Alexandria confiscated and copied. Press, 2008. Canfora, Luciano. Miramar, translated by Fatima Moussa Mahmoud, 1993. Theophrastus is famous for his eighteen book history on botany which came directly out of the expeditions and which still forms the foundation of botany today. Rajak, T. Translation and Survival: The Greek Bible of the Ancient Jewish Diaspora. New Haven: Yale U. Alexander to Actium. He is Director Emeritus of Books for Asia of The Asia Foundation and President Emeritus of the Academy of Art San Francisco. She is the author of The Alexander Mosaic: Stories of Victory and Defeat, and co-editor of and contributor to Constructions of Childhood in Ancient Greece and Italy. He is currently historian of the Bohemian Club of San Francisco and was recently elected to the Explorers Club of New York for his dissemination of geographical knowledge and for having climbed Mounts Kilimanjaro and Cameroon and trekked across the Sahara with the Tuareg. He retired after forty-two years of academic teaching (Byzantine, Near Eastern, African history) and administration at Harvard, where he was Senior Tutor, and the University of California, Berkeley, where he was Assistant Vice Chancellor. 595 Market Street, San Francisco Portsmouth, NH: Back Channel Press, 2009. Burn, Lucilla. Durell, Lawrence. Cambridge: Perseus, 2004. London, NY: Routledge, 2003. (2005). Stoneman, Richard. by Frances Liardet, 1989. Tsirkas, Stratis. (51) Some believed that this kind of wealth promoted the creation of forgeries. A thorough historical analysis of Alexandria’s role as the center of Hellenistic culture may be found in The Rise and Fall of Alexandria: Birthplace of the Modern World by Justin Pollard and Howard Reid (Paperback, 2006; 329pp; also available in Kindle and Audiobook formats). He disliked long poems, calling them "a big book, a big evil. Scott-Kilvert, Ian (transl). Different perceptions may account for many of the discrepancies. Free These books were subsequently labeled "from the ships. He is a member of Harvard’s Graduate Council and a trustee of the William Saroyan Foundation. His style of poetry was the popular two to five line epigram. Alexandria: Jewel of Egypt. The center of Hellenistic Greece was Alexandria, Egypt. NY: Pantheon, 1975, 2001. Alexandria was another center for things like Art, Philosophy, and Writing. —. Professor Jameson has lived, taught, and traveled extensively in the Near East and Africa and has led study groups to Greece, Turkey, Morocco, Iran, India, China, and Southeast Asia and continues to lecture and write on African and Asian cultures and on the history of libraries. Her current project is on beauty and ugliness in ancient Greece. Fox, Robin Lane. Alexandria: Jewel of Egypt. The Library of Alexandria: Centre of Learning in the Ancient World. Empereur, Jean-Yves. Periplus Publishing, 1998. The emphasis is on resources that are concise, easily accessible in a variety of formats, and aimed at a general (rather than scholarly) audience. The Greek World After Alexander, 323-30 BC. This list is for those who would like to do a little background research for the upcoming program about Alexander and Alexandria, but don’t have much time. This technology, therefore, became very useful for religious purposes and as a source of entertainment. He received the Santa Clara Summer School Excellence in Teaching Award, the Santa Clara University Brutocao Award for Teaching Excellence, the Logothetti Teaching Award for Teaching Excellence in the College of Arts and Sciences, the Santa Clara University Brutocao Award for Curricular Innovation, and the Arnold L. & Lois Graves Award for Excellence in Teaching in 2005, 2001, 1999, 1995 and 1991 respectively. Keeley, Edmund. Worthington, Ian. 7:00 pm Hellenistic Culture is the blending of Greek, Persian, Indian, and Egyptian elements. The discussion moderator will be Humanities West volunteer Lynn Harris. (14) A great university grew up around the Museum and attracted many scholars, including Aristarchus of Samothrace, the collator of the Homeric texts; Euclid, the mathematician; and Herophilus, the anatomist, who founded a medical school in Alexandria. If it had not been for them, Athenian Culture might have died. Its harbours were also an important part of why he chose that area of Egypt to become the capital of his empire. (53) A curious capital that became not only the largest Greek city of the time, but more than anything else, a very important centre for culture and learning. This talk will discuss some of the cultural strategies of the early Ptolemies, and, a few of their ramifications. Learn chapter 5 hellenistic culture history with free interactive flashcards. The center of Hellenistic Culture was Alexandria (Egypt) Click again to see term It was also a city in which Greek and Egyptian cultures must have mixed. Classical Greece and the Birth of Western Art. A thorough historical analysis of Alexandria’s role as the center of Hellenistic culture may be found in The Rise and Fall of Alexandria: Birthplace of the Modern World by Justin Pollard and Howard Reid (Paperback, 2006; 329pp; also available in Kindle and Audiobook formats). He also wrote a book called Characters at the Museum, which seems to be the first work of psychology. Oxford: Oxford U. B. Tauris, revised edition, 2005. 2:30 pm Berkeley, Los Angeles: U. of California Press, 1990. Travels in Asia and Africa. Though Alexandria’s original Library was destroyed long ago, The Egyptology Online website provides a capsule history of the city, while the significance of the ancient Library and its modern re-incarnation are discussed on the travel-oriented site, Sacred Destinations. Erich S. Gruen, Gladys Rehard Wood Professor of History and Classics, UC Berkeley (PhD Harvard) was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford, twice a Guggenheim Fellow, Member of the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, and Visiting Fellow at Merton College, Oxford. The Alexander Mosaic: Stories of Victory and Defeat. —. Since it was no longer wise to write about political themes, poets wrote for their kings and their colleagues; poetry became an educated game for the intellectuals. Professor Andrew G. Jameson Thursday, February 11, 2010 NY: Brazilier, 1973. Augustine. It has a pleasant Mediterranean climate with sandy beaches, making it a favourite tourist attraction.   Jewish Culture in Alexandria: The Hebrew Bible in Greek But we do know that men like Aristophanes of Byzantium worked there and spent his life reading and re-reading every book in the library. Transl.by Pamela Mensch and James Romm. Berkeley, Los Angeles: U. of California Press, 1992. 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